Text Intro Just to give a brief explanation of the Ugaritic texts, which are the primary comparison texts, they date from the 14th century BCE and before. The following is a list of the Ugaritic text abbreviations. Unfortunately there are different notation systems created by different authors, for the same text.
Additional links to images of similar bottles are also frequently included. The array of references used to support the conclusions and estimates found here - including the listed dating ranges - are noted. Additional information and estimates are based on the empirical observations of the author over 50 years of experience; this is often but not always noted.
Various terminology is used in the descriptions that may be unfamiliar if you have not studied other pages on this site.
If a term is unfamiliar, first check the Bottle Glossary page for an explanation or definition. As an alternative, one can do a search of this website. The first recorded use of molded proprietary embossing on an American made bottle body was around on a Dr.
Robertson's Family Medicine bottle McKearin This category is primarily based on age as reflected by the bottles exhibiting the manufacturing related features typical of bottles made in the U. The few shapes and styles briefly discussed here are just a small sampling of the shapes produced and are not usually exclusive to this period; bottles of very similar shapes were also made after the Civil War when the diversity of shapes was many times richer.
This early medicinal bottles section is essentially an overview of the diagnostic features that typify bottles made during the first half of the 19th century; see the Mouth-blown Bottle Dating page for more information.
Specifically, medicine bottles made during the period from about to the Civil War typically share most of the following diagnostic characteristics: All pontil types are possible on early medicinal bottles, though blowpipe and iron pontil scars are the most frequently observed.
See the Bottle Finishes page for more information on bottle finishing techniques. Of course, many of these imperfections can be observed on later mouth-blown bottles and even some machine-made bottles in the 20th century. However, the earliest bottles will have a higher number of these traits present on the same bottle and usually the trait is more distinct, i.
The early, dark olive green almost black glass medicine bottle pictured above left is embossed on four sides with C.
This product was advertised between and as a cure for consumption tuberculosisliver complaint, asthma, colds, coughs, and pains in the side and chest Odell This bottle has a crudely applied short oil finish, was blown in a two-piece "hinge" mold as indicated by the mold seam crossing diagonally across the entire basehas a sand pontil scarand of course, no evidence of mold air venting as this bottle pre-dates the widespread use of that technology by many decades.
The dark olive green color as well as the overall crudeness of manufacturing is very indicative of an early manufacturing date.
Click on the following links for more images of this bottle: The last two pictures show some of the body crudeness typical of earlier mouth-blown bottles of all types. The large, dark olive green black glass square medicinal bottle pictured to the right most likely dates from the s or early s and is covered in the "Sarsaparilla" section later on this page.
It is a bottle shape that was relatively commonly used for medicinal as well as other products particularly liquor during this early era.
Medium to dark olive green or olive amber glass was a common color for the earliest types of bottles, including medicine bottles as this and the prior bottle Brinkerhoff's indicate.
This bottle is rectangular with arched and indented panels on the three sides with embossing and a flat, non-indented panel on the reverse for the label which is often called the "label panel" on paneled bottles.
The body is also several times taller than the neck height. These features rectangular with beveled corners and one or more indented panels are a very commonly repeated pattern of conformation for medicine bottles made between the s and the s, the latter period which would include machine-made bottles.
Click the following links to view more images of this bottle: What was "searched" for in the blood is lost to history but does reflect the boundless creativity that patent medicine producers found in describing their products.
It was advertised in the Hollidaysburg Register in as good for cancer, scrofula, scald head, liver complaint, low spirits, paralysis, syphilitic diseases, and other maladies Odell Sounds like it was high in alcohol which was very common. It has a crudely applied patent or extract finish, blowpipe pontil scar, was blown in a hinge mold as indicated by the mold seam crossing diagonally across the entire baseand has no evidence of mold air venting.
Click on the following links to see more images of this bottle: The grouping of small 3" [8 cm] to 5" [13 cm] aqua bottles pictured to the left are an assortment of very typical pontil scarred "utility" type bottles that date from the s to mid s all were excavated in the Westhave no embossing, and were most commonly used for medicinal products.
All of these small bottles exhibit the characteristics noted earlier: The first from left to rightthird laying downand sixth bottles are sided which was a common configuration for utility medicinal bottles of the era.
An example of one of these generic paneled bottles with the original label is described below. Five of the six bottles are molded, with one 5th being free-blown or possibly dip-molded. All have relatively thin glass which is a typical characteristic of these early type medicinal bottles.
In fact, these bottles are most often only found as fragments. A few other images of early medicinal bottles bottles, many of which are used and discussed elsewhere within this website, are available by clicking on the following links.
This helps show a bit of the diversity of shape found in these bottles: Sarsaparilla's are covered specifically below though this particular bottle is a classic example of an early medicinal dating from about, i.The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
“Allow dentist to write prescription for patient to purchase the product at a pharmacy.” Description. MI Paste Plus™ is a water-based creme containing RECALDENT™ a milk derivative, (CPP-ACPF – casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate fluoride) with incorporated fluoride to aid in tooth remineralization and caries prevention.
Pharmacy Abbreviations The following table lists some abbreviations used in prescription writing. These abbreviations are listed with their intended meaning.
Abbreviation Meaning a.c. before food a.m. before noon aa. of each ad lib. as much as desired alt. alternate . Convert full state names to abbreviations: Kutools for Excel 's Look for a value in list utility can help you to vlookup and return the corresponding abbreviations based on the full state names.
Kutools for Excel: with more than handy Excel add-ins, free to try with no limitation in 60 days. This study is to reveal the origins of numerous aspects in the Tanak, Hebrew Bible, of the patriarchal Indo-European elements incorporated into the text from the perspective of the deities, gods and goddesses, which many translators mask in their English translations.
is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her.