The division of this Asian peninsula into the independent nations of North Korea and South Korea brought terror and torment to the people living there. But now in a new era, words like hope, peace, and reunification can be heard from these same people. Reunification seems to be the most logical course of action to heal the rift at the 38th parallel. The healing process will take time, but it has begun.
Most Koreans dream of reunification, of a time in the future when the North and the South will join together to recreate the Korean whole that existed before division and Japanese colonialism. It's a lovely idea, but no one has a very good idea of how to achieve it. There have been many polls in South Korea about the what, how and when of reunification.
According to the latest Asan poll from Januaryfor instance, interest in reunification remains very high over 80 percentthough younger people are less interested in the subject and also less interested in paying an additional tax to support reunification.
Our views of North Korean opinion, meanwhile, remain rather patchy. The North Korean government has made any number of official pronouncements. And North Korean defectors have given their opinions, but since they Korean reunification the good and the bad history essay the country it's not clear how representative their views are.
But now we have some new information, thanks to a poll of North Koreans in China conducted last year by researchers from Chosun Ilbo and the Center for Cultural Unification Studies.
These North Koreans are not defectors. They are spending some time in China working or visiting relatives, and they plan to return to their country. Since conducting a public opinion poll in North Korea is out of the question, this is the next best thing.
The views of these North Koreans on the topic of reunification are nothing short of amazing. In the aftermath of World War II, the two Koreas looked at the issue of reunification in an identical, if opposite, way. North Korea aspired to unify the peninsula under the banner of "our-style socialism.
The continued stalemate on the peninsula prompted strongmen Kim Il Sung and Park Chung Hee to explore other methods of achieving reunification.
Given the structural similarities of the two countries at that point -- authoritarian politics, state-led economic development, social and cultural conformity -- finding a formula for eventual reunification was not so far-fetched. Indeed, one of the chief sticking points at that time was not ideological but numerical.
Because South Korea had a much larger population than North Korea, the two sides could not agree on a political structure that could ensure both equal representation of the two sides and proportional representation of the two populations.
As North Korea descended into the famine and economic crisis of the s, a different vision of reunification emerged, mainly in the South. Communist states had collapsed throughout Eastern Europe. It seemed that it was just a matter of time before North Korea, too, collapsed.
Reunification would therefore happen organically -- not through military action or complicated political negotiations but, rather, when the North Korean regime collapsed and the South simply filled the political vacuum. The North Korean system has stubbornly remained in place, and so this latest reunification scenario remains in limbo.
Predictions of North Korea's collapse are still routinely made, but no one is expecting that reunification will take place any time soon. Let's return now to the poll of North Koreans. This group of North Koreas is, of course, an unusual cohort.
They have had an opportunity to travel outside their country. They've presumably had contact with foreigners and foreign ideas. They don't represent North Korean public opinion as a whole.
However, the group is roughly divided between men and half women and is diverse in their age and place of residence in North Korea. Only two of the had college degrees, so they do not represent the North Korean elite.
Like South Koreans, the North Koreans showed a lot of interest in reunification: An overwhelming number believed that they would personally benefit from reunification. When asked about how they think reunification will take place, only eight of the held to their government's position that North Korea would control the process.
Only seven thought that it would take place when the North Korean regime collapses. On the other hand, 22 respondents expected that South Korea would absorb North Korea.
And the vast majority expected that reunification would take place "through negotiations between the two Koreas on equal footings after reforms and an opening-up of the North. Only 14 opted for North Korean socialism, and 26 chose a compromise between the two systems.
On the other hand, 34 respondents preferred the South Korean system and 24 others didn't care which system the unified country adopts. North Koreans, at least in this segment of the population, clearly revealed that they are not robotically following their government's propaganda whatever they might say in public.
They show a diversity of opinion, which suggests that they are thinking through things on their own. And yet they converge on a couple of different choices, which suggests that they are also having discussions with others about such questions.
They don't show a great deal of confidence in the longevity of the North Korean system.Ideas of the Korean Unification The idea of this paper is to compare and contrast German Unification process with the outlook for possible scenarios in Korea.
By looking at the similarities and differences between the situation in Germany and Korea. Jan 07, · Free Essays on Reunification Of Korea.
Search. An annotated bibliography Beck, Peter M. “The cost of Korean reunification.” Atlantic Council. Web. 7 Jan, Nuke Prolif Good or Bad? constnlcting or purchasing sophisticated long-range missiles.
Good Essays words | ( pages) | Preview Reunification in Homer's Odyssey - Reunification in Homer's Odyssey In Homer's epic poem, the Odyssey, the main theme is the reunification of the family, as Odysseus struggles to return home and rejoin his wife and son.
Korean Reunification The Good And The Bad History Essay; Korean Reunification The Good And The Bad History Essay. Published: November 27, This essay addresses the anticipated political, economic and cultural complications of the unification of the North and South Koreas.
I will address the regional and international concerns regarding.
- Reunification in Homer's Odyssey In Homer's epic poem, the Odyssey, the main theme is the reunification of the family, as Odysseus struggles to return home and rejoin his wife and son. Throughout the Odyssey, we are shown examples of families: good ones that prosper and bad ones that do not.
Jun 16, · Most Koreans dream of reunification, of a time in the future when the North and the South will join together to recreate the Korean whole that existed before division and Japanese colonialism.