An initial cantoserving as an introduction to the poem and generally considered to be part of the first cantica, brings the total number of cantos to It is generally accepted, however, that the first two cantos serve as a unitary prologue to the entire epic, and that the opening two cantos of each cantica serve as prologues to each of the three cantiche. Additionally, the verse scheme used, terza rimais hendecasyllabic lines of eleven syllableswith the lines composing tercets according to the rhyme scheme aba, bcb, cdc, ded,
The poet finds himself lost in a dark wood selva oscura astray from the "straight way" diritta via,  also translatable as "right way" of salvation.
He sets out to climb directly up a small mountain, but his way is blocked by three beasts he cannot evade: The three beasts, taken from the Jeremiah 5: According to John Ciardithese are incontinence the she-wolf ; violence and bestiality the lion ; and fraud and malice the leopard ;  Dorothy L.
The beasts drive him back despairing into the darkness of error, a "lower place" basso loco  where the sun is silent l sol tace .
However, Dante is rescued by a figure who announces that he was born sub Iulio  i. Beatrice had been moved to aid Dante by the Virgin Mary symbolic of compassion and Saint Lucia symbolic of illuminating Grace.
Rachelsymbolic of the contemplative life, also appears in the heavenly scene recounted by Virgil. The two of them then begin their journey to the underworld. Vestibule of Hell[ edit ] Canto III Dante passes through the gate of Hell, which bears an inscription ending with the famous phrase "Lasciate ogne speranza, voi ch'intrate",  most frequently translated as "Abandon all hope, ye who enter here.
These are the souls of people who in life took no sides; the opportunists who were for neither good nor evil, but instead were merely concerned with themselves. Among these Dante recognizes a figure implied to be Pope Celestine Vwhose "cowardice in selfish terror for his own welfare served as the door through which so much evil entered the Church".
These souls are forever unclassified; they are neither in Hell nor out of it, but reside on the shores of the Acheron. Naked and futile, they race around through the mist in eternal pursuit of an elusive, wavering banner symbolic of their pursuit of ever-shifting self-interest while relentlessly chased by swarms of wasps and hornetswho continually sting them.
This symbolizes the sting of their guilty conscience and the repugnance of sin.
Arrival of Charon After passing through the vestibule, Dante and Virgil reach the ferry that will take them across the river Acheron and to Hell proper.
The ferry is piloted by Charonwho does not want to let Dante enter, for he is a living being. The wailing and blasphemy of the damned souls entering Charon's boat contrast with the joyful singing of the blessed souls arriving by ferry in the Purgatorio.
The passage across the Acheron, however, is undescribed, since Dante faints and does not awaken until he is on the other side. The circles are concentricrepresenting a gradual increase in wickednessand culminating at the centre of the earth, where Satan is held in bondage.
The sinners of each circle are punished for eternity in a fashion fitting their crimes: For example, later in the poem, Dante and Virgil encounter fortune-tellers who must walk forward with their heads on backward, unable to see what is ahead, because they tried to see the future through forbidden means.
Such a contrapasso "functions not merely as a form of divine revengebut rather as the fulfilment of a destiny freely chosen by each soul during his or her life".
Those in Hell are people who tried to justify their sins and are unrepentant. Dante's Hell is structurally based on the ideas of Aristotlebut with "certain Christian symbolisms, exceptions, and misconstructions of Aristotle's text".
These sinners endure lesser torments than do those consigned to Lower Hell, located within the walls of the City of Dis, for committing acts of violence and fraud — the latter of which involves, as Dorothy L.
Sayers writes, "abuse of the specifically human faculty of reason". Lower Hell is further subdivided:Question: "Is The Divine Comedy / Dante's Inferno a biblically accurate description of heaven and hell?" Answer: Written by Dante Alighieri between and , The Divine Comedy is widely considered the central epic poem of Italian literature.
A brilliantly written allegory, filled with symbolism and pathos, it is certainly one of the classics of all time. There are many examples of contrapasso in Dante’s Inferno, as he travels ever deeper into the depths of hell.
In the Inferno, we are given a tour through Hell by Dante, who is a middle-aged man. The Inferno is a story of a journey given by two different Dantes: Dante the pilgrim and Dante the author.
A journey to the depths of despair. Based on the immensely influential classic poem, Dante’s Inferno takes you on an epic quest of vengeance and redemption through the Nine Circles of Hell.
Dante happens to be on journey that is less traveled, by exploring the depths of Hell in the Inferno. The epic poem’s story is about self-realization and transformation. It sees Dante over coming many things to realize he is a completely different person from the start of the Inferno journey.
Question: "Is The Divine Comedy / Dante's Inferno a biblically accurate description of heaven and hell?" Answer: Written by Dante Alighieri between and , The Divine Comedy is widely considered the central epic poem of Italian literature.
A brilliantly written allegory, filled with symbolism and pathos, it is certainly one of the classics of all time. Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin