An informative guide to the history and removal of skin art

Nidhi Singh Tandon Dr. Her passion towards striving to be the best, and offering quality services to her patients, has led her to headstart The Skin Art Clinic. L from the renowned Dr. She also participated in varied conferences held across the country.

An informative guide to the history and removal of skin art

Original photograph of a man being tattooed, circa Collection of Mark and Carolyn Blackburn. Tatau in Samoa Your necklace may break, the fau tree may burst, but my tattooing is indestructible.

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It is an everlasting gem that you will take into your grave. Verse from a traditional tattoo artist's song The legacy of Polynesian tattoo began over years ago and is as diverse as the people who wear them.

Once widespread in Polynesian societies across the Pacific Ocean, the arrival of western missionaries in the 19th century forced this unique art form into decline. Despite the encroachment of Christian religious beliefs that vilified tattooing as unholy, many Polynesian tattoo artists maintained their vital link to their culture's history by preserving their unique craft for generations.

In Samoa, the tradition of applying tattoo, or tatau, by hand has been unbroken for over two thousand years. Tools and techniques have changed little. The skill is often passed from father to son, each tattoo artist, or tufuga, learning the craft over many years of serving as his father's apprentice.

A young artist-in-training often spent hours, and sometimes days, tapping designs into sand or barkcloth using a special tattooing comb, or au. Honoring their tradition, Samoan tattoo artists made this tool from sharpened boar's teeth fastened together with a portion of the turtle shell and to a wooden handle.

The pain of traditional tattooing is extreme.

Skin Stories . History of Tattoo | PBS

Samoan society has long been defined by rank and title, with chiefs ali'i and their assistants, known as talking chiefs tulafaledescending from notable families in the proper birth order.

The tattooing ceremonies for young chiefs, typically conducted at the onset of puberty, were elaborate affairs and were a key part of their ascendance to a leadership role.

An informative guide to the history and removal of skin art

The permanent marks left by the tattoo artists would forever celebrate their endurance and dedication to cultural traditions.

The pain was extreme and the risk of death by infection was a great concern.

An informative guide to the history and removal of skin art

But to shy away from tattooing was to risk being labeled a pala'ai or coward and reviled by the clan. Those who could not endure the pain and abandoned their tattooing were left incomplete, wearing their mark of shame throughout their life. But to shy away from tattooing was to risk being labeled a coward.

There were few Samoan men who refused the traditional pe'a, an intricate tattoo that covered their body from mid-torso to the knees.

The artist would use a mallet to tap the teeth of the ink-laden comb into the men's flesh, following only simple guide marks. A tattooing session typically lasted until dusk or until the men could not longer stand the pain and would resume the following day, unless the inflamed skin needed a few days to heal.

The entire process would often last almost three months. Afterwards, the men's family helped him celebrate, despite his pain, by throwing a party, and the tufuga smashed a water vessel at his feet, marking the end of the ordeal. The healing process would take months. The tattooed skin would have to be washed in salt water and massaged to work out the impurities.

Friends and family would assist the men, since even simple tasks like walking or sitting would irritate their inflamed skin and cause great pain. Within six months, the distinctive designs would begin to appear on their skin but it would take almost a year to completely essay examples.

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2, words. History of Shaving. For thousands of years man has been fighting a battle with his facial hair - over 25, hairs as hard as copper wire of the same thickness. The hairs grow between mm and mm per year and man will spend an average of more than 3, hours of his life shaving them.

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Collection of Mark and Carolyn Blackburn. The Beginning: Tatau in Samoa Your necklace may break, the fau tree may burst, but my tattooing is indestructible.

When receiving a tattoo, your skin is pricked between 50 and 3, times per minute by a needle in the tattoo machine. Learn more about how the tattoo machine works.

Tattoo machines have been around since the late 19th century, and surprisingly, they haven't changed much in years. The bizarre art of binding books in human skin, or anthropodermic bibliopegy, dates back to at least the 17th century, and involves flaying the body and tanning the skin just like any other type.

The History of Shaving