Etymology[ edit ] The earliest recorded use of the prefix step- in the form steop- is from an 8th-century glossary of Latin - Old English words meaning "orphan". Steopsunu is given for the Latin word filiaster and steopmoder for nouerca. Similar words recorded later in Old English include stepbairn, stepchild and stepfather.
Click here to return to main headings Beck, A. Partnership transitions and maternal parenting. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72, Children whose mothers were married from birth experienced the fewest transitions. More transitions were linked with more maternal stress and frequent harsh parenting.
This link was stronger when transitions were recent and the changes were coresident in nature rather than partnership transitions. Parenting practices of resident fathers: The role of marital and biological ties.
Journal of Marriage and Family, 70, Results indicate that mothers report social fathers show higher cooperative parenting than bio-fathers. Bio-fathers are more likely to be trusted mothers to care for the child in her absence.
Married bio-fathers report less child engagement and more cooperative parenting than cohabiting bio-fathers, but have less cooperative parenting than cohabiting social fathers. Married social fathers have more engagement, cooperative parenting, shared parenting responsibility, and maternal trust than cohabiting social fathers and more shared responsibility and cooperative parenting than cohabiting bio-fathers.
Married social and bio-fathers tend to have higher quality parenting than their cohabiting peers. Low-income, nonresident father involvement with their toddlers: Journal of Family Psychology, 22, White fathers reported lower involvement than African American or Latinos.
Only the presence of a resident romantic partner, which was more common for White mothers, was negatively associated with father involvement.
Having a boyfriend, which was more likely for African American and Latino mothers, was positively related to father involvement. An exploratory investigation of parenting practices in stepfamilies. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 39, Stepparents were much less involved.
Commonly there were issues around discipline and the stepparent-stepchild role. Contesting the myth of the "wicked stepmother: Western Journal of Communication, 69, Using online narratives of members of an Internet-based blended family support group, two themes emerged for stepmothers contesting the stigmatized "wicked stepmother" role.
Multiple stereotypes of stepfathers. Study 1 showed 77 traits 45 negative, 32 positive proposed. Study 2 categorized 9 negative exploiting, obnoxious, patronizing, unloving, intolerant, manipulative, careless, controlling, and strange and 6 positive stereotypes supportive, decent, unselfish, encouraging, concerned, resourceful.
Study 3 showed that the more positive a stereotype was rated, the more typical it was found to be of stepfathers. Family structure transitions and parenting stress. Journal of Marriage and Family, 71, Data from 4, children in the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study were used to examine the relationship between transitions in family structure and maternal stress.
Moving in with a bio-father lead to less maternal parenting stress than those living stably alone; moving in with a social father was linked to greater maternal stress than moving in with a bio-father.
The links between number and type of transitions and maternal stress were partially explained by socioeconomic, social, and health resources pre- and post-transition. Highly educated mothers experienced less parenting stress as a result of transitions. Role strain and online social support for childless stepmothers.
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 28, No differences in strains were found between custodial and noncustodial stepmothers. Associations between strains and support were also examined. Understanding the roles of non-residential stepmothers. Used interviews from 8 stepmothers with at least one stepchild living with them part-time to assess how they develop their roles as stepmothers in their new stepfamilies.
When defining their family, most excluded their stepchildren, because they were not related. They commonly felt unnatural in their roles, due to their lack of control and influence over their stepchildren, making the situation harder than they had planned.Key Concepts in Feminist Theory and Research [Christina Hughes] on srmvision.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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stepfamily household was defined as a positive (+) unit relation; residence outside the household was a negative (-) unit relation.
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Linear Regression Analysis: Assumptions and Applications is designed to provide students with a straightforward introduction to a commonly used statistical model that is appropriate for making sense of data with multiple continuous dependent . Within the stepfamily literature, relationship quality across key stepfamily dyads has been linked to child adjustment.
For example, closeness with a stepfather is associated with declines in externalizing, internalizing, and academic problems among adolescents.
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