Visit Website When the Aztecs saw an eagle perched on a cactus on the marshy land near the southwest border of Lake Texcoco, they took it as a sign to build their settlement there. Typical Aztec crops included maize cornalong with beans, squashes, potatoes, tomatoes and avocadoes; they also supported themselves through fishing and hunting local animals such as rabbits, armadillos, snakes, coyotes and wild turkey.
With the vast cultural differences between the Old World and the New World, it is difficult to pin point the exact aspects that were changed as a result of the conquest of New Spain, particularly which ones were a direct result.
The motivations of the Spanish have been the subject of much debate and countless speculations have been made as to whether their initial attraction to the Mesoamerican region was their need for more land, additional slaves for the Caribbean, or even just the rumors of large quantities of gold; however, the series of events that unfolded after Hernando Cortes arrived up until the fall of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan are irrefutable.
Upon landing on the Mesoamerican coastline, the Spanish set up camp and spent Holy Thursday and Good Friday being greeted by envoys from the tribes in the immediate vicinity.
Emperor of the Aztec Empire, Montezuma II, who was the ninth ruler of the Empire and the capital city of Tenochtitlan, sent envoys of his own to greet the Spanish in peace and gauge their intentions.
A group of ambassadors was instructed to sacrifice and prepare the blood of some local captives for consumption in order to Walter Mangual 2 appease the Spanish in case they were gods. The ambassadors returned to Montezuma and reported their findings.
The Aztec Emperor was now aware that a potentially grave foreign threat was on its way to towards Tenochtitlan and he had to decide how he was going to approach the situation. Meanwhile, Cortes and his men came upon the city of Tlaxcala, where they began an armed conflict with the aggressive locals.
Taking advantage of pre-existing political conflicts, Cortes entered into an alliance with the Tlaxcaltecas and began building a force made up of local warriors. Somervill, Empire of the Aztecs New York: Chelsea House,56, http: Oxford University Press,47, http: Walter Mangual 3 The trusting Montezuma allowed the Spanish into the capital Tenochtitlan where he happily greeted them.
Fascinated by everything within the city, the Spaniards made sure to look over every cultural aspect that interested them upon their arrival. The lavish gifts of gold that were bestowed upon the foreigners made them all too eager for more and relations became strained as the Spanish took anything gold that they laid their eyes on.
During the peace time between the Spaniards and the Tenochtitlan Aztecs, Cortes lectured at great length against the sacrificing and consumption of human beings, but Montezuma happily continued sacrificing men and boys in front of the Spanish shortly after.
Diaz noted that the Spanish slept in full armor with their weapons close at hand in the event of an emergency. When Cortes received word that a group of Spanish ships had arrived on the coast, he set out with some of his men to investigate and left his second in command, Pedro de Alvarado, in charge.
After Cortes had been absent for several days, Pedro de Alvarado and the men under his command took advantage of their still having possession of their weapons and the natives being preoccupied with the Fiesta of Toxcatl celebration.
The Spanish exited the palace during the celebration and began slaughtering the unarmed, 4 Bernal Diaz, The Conquest of New Spain, trans. Penguin Books, Walter Mangual 4 dancing Aztecs. After dismembering and disemboweling all natives present, the Spanish were forced to fall back into the palace and take refuge from the Aztec warriors who were now aware of what took place at the festival.
Shortly after, word that Alvarado was under attack in the palace at Tenochtitlan arrived. The reasoning given by Alvarado for the Fiesta of Toxcatl massacre was pure military strategy. He claimed that he had learned the Aztecs at the festival would attack the Spanish immediately after they stopped dancing.Start studying Unit 7: Expansion and discovery review.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. List factors that contributed to the downfall of both the Inca and the Aztec empire's. What were the effects of the Columbian exchange?
SPANISH conquistador who led the EXPEDITION that caused the FALL of the AZTEC empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico (Tenochtitlan) under the King of Spain. The Conquest of the Inca Empire. Little did the residents of the massive Inca empire know that they would soon be learning Spanish in Peru.
Their adoption of the rapidly-spreading Spanish language would be symptomatic of the loss of their culture and land (one of the richest in America) at the hands of the Spanish invaders.
The Aztec Indians originated from a place called Aztlan, somewhere in north or northwest Mexico. At that time the Aztecs were a small, nomadic tribe living in the . Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro, () was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century.
The downfall of the Aztec civilization was the result of many factors, including their religion. Other factors included disease and the lack of loyalty among the people.
When the Spaniard Hernan Cortes arrived in Mexico in , he was treated as an honored guest as opposed to an enemy. The Aztecs.